The Mayas (300s-1500s) - Study Guide

7.7 Students compare and contrast the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the Meso-American and Andean civilizations.

  • Study the locations, landforms, and climates of Mexico, Central America, and South America and their effects on Mayan, Aztec, and Incan economies, trade, and development of urban societies.
  • Study the roles of people in each society, including class structures, family life, war-fare, religious beliefs and practices, and slavery.
  • Explain how and where each empire arose and how the Aztec and Incan empires were defeated by the Spanish.
  • Describe the artistic and oral traditions and architecture in the three civilizations.
  • Describe the Meso-American achievements in astronomy and mathematics, including the development of the calendar and the Meso-American knowledge of seasonal changes to the civilizations' agricultural systems.

  • name
    The Mayas

    Study Guide Questions

      Section 1

    1. How were the two geographic regions of the Maya homeland different?

    2. What were the characteristics of Maya civilization during the Classic period?

    3. Where did the Maya civilization develop?

    4. Why did the Mayas use slash-and-burn agriculture?

    5. When did Maya civilization reach its height?

    6. How did the economic system contribute to the Mayas not clustering in cities?

      Section 2

    7. what ordinary activities occupied the lives of men and women in Maya farm families?

    8. What role did warfare play in Maya society?

    9. What were the two main social groups in Maya society?

    10. How do scholars verify information about Maya society?

    11. How were Maya cities ruled?

    12. How did Maya rulers combine political and religious power?

      Section 3

    13. What did the Maya astronomers and mathematicians accomplish?

    14. Why was the construction of Maya cities so difficult?

    15. What Kind of Writing System Did the Mayas Have?

    16. Why was the writing system important for other Maya advances in learning?

    17. What were the main features of Maya cities?

    18. How might the rain forest have affected the preservation of Maya cities?