Studyuse of the mind to acquire knowledge
the locations, landforms, and climates of Mexico, Central America, and South America and their effects on Mayan, Aztec, and Incan economies, trade, and development of urban societies.
The Rise of the Aztecs
Key Terms and People
lacking in rainfall
a bowl-shaped area, often with a lake at the bottom of it
The ruler of a city-state who was a warrior-poet
Aztec emperor, during his reign, the Aztec Empire reached its height.
The Aztec World
Geography of Mexico:
Mexico is a rugged mountainous land. A broad, high area known as the Central Plateau lies between two mountain ranges. The landscape of northern Mexico is generally arid. Some of the best farmlands are located in the highlands basins of central Mexico. This central region was known as the Valley of Mexico and it was the home of the Aztec civilization. It was settled by agrarian and people around A.D. 1200. People from Aztlan moved into the area and found refuge on a small island in the middle of Lake Texcoco. There they saw an eagle perched on a thorny cactus. According to legend, their are chief god had told them to settle in just such a place.
The Aztec Empire
the Aztecs founded their island settlement in 1325 they called it Tenochtitlan, which means "place of the cactus fruit." They often served as mercenaries in the local conflicts. The island setting offered certain advantages. The margins of the lake were ideal for farming the soil was fertile and the climate was mild, the shoreline was rich and food. The Aztecs created floating gardens called chinampas. They planted corn, potatoes, chili peppers, and squash. The island setting was also a good for travel and transport in canals. Also, It could easily be defended from attack.
|Important Events during the Aztec Empire
|| Aztecs formed the triple alliance with two other city-states
|| they formed an empire that included most of the Valley of Mexico
| Late 1400s
|| the Aztecs continue to expand their empire
|| the Empire reached its height
|| Spanish invaders first saw the Valley of Mexico
In the 1300s, the Aztecs settled in the Valley of Mexico. By 1440, they had built a large and powerful empire.
Study Guide Questions
Describe three characteristics of Mexican geography.
How did the Aztecs build their capital?
In what area of Mexico did the Aztecs settle?
Why was this a good place to settle?
List three advantages of Tenochtitlan's setting?
How might the advantages of Tenochtitlan's setting have influenced the Aztecs' success?