Standard: 7.5.3 |
Describe to explain in detail
the values, social customs, and traditions described by the lord-vassal system consisting of shogun, daimyo, and samurai, and the lasting influence of the warrior code throughout the 20th century.
The Development of Feudalism
Key Terms and People
he became one of the most powerful Japanese rulers
supreme military commander
local land-owning lords
a social system in which lords grant people land or other reports in exchange for military service
highly trained warriors
Two New Capitals
- the new city of Nara was laid out in a checkerboard pattern, with roads, palaces and temples scattered throughout them. Nara could not have a defensive wall. The imperial court at Nara was divided into different ranks or levels of nobles. Most officials were sons from noble families. Buddhist priest brought art, literature, mathematics, and engineering from Tang China. Buddhist monks and priests accumulated great wealth and political power in 770, a priest named Dokyo even tried to become Emperor. Therefore, the capital was moved and named Heian-kyo and later called Kyoto.
Shifts in Power
In the 800s, the Emperor's power began to fade. The Fujiwara family was running the country. The Fujiwara rose to power by having their daughters or sisters marry princes of the imperial family. Outside the capital, other clans both envied and resented the Fujiwara's power. To clans united to overthrow the Fujiwara. To clans were Taira and Minamoto as soon as they overthrew the Fujiwara family they began to fight each other. In 1185, Minamoto and Taira forces clashed at sea. The winner of the final battle was Minamoto Yoritomo. He became the most powerful man in Japan. He won the title of shogun.
A New Social Order
Life under the shoguns was often lawless and violent. The job of protecting people became the responsibility of the daimyo. The result was the new social order known as feudalism. Each daimyo relied on peasants to purchase land. In exchange for their labor, he promised them protection. He provided this protection to a small army of samurai. In exchange for their service, the daimyo granted his samurai land or
a group of powerful families gain control over Japan. Military rulers called shoguns, took power and organized society in a new way.