Key Terms and People
the group of people who give their lives to serve the Church as priests, monks, and higher church officials.
large fleet of ships
violent tropical storm
worked all of his life to bring Japan under a single sword
unified Japan in 1590
a leader who united the country once more in 1600
The Way of the Warrior
Loyalty to one's Lord was more important than loyalty to family, religion, or even the Emperor, and personal honor was also important. Samurai trained fiercely, fought bravely, and died with honor. The code also required warriors to take pride in their personal appearance.
The Mongol Invasion
During the 1200, the Mongol ruler, Kublai Khan controlled all of East Asia except Japan. In 1274 and 1281, the Khan sent a fleet of ships to Japan. Both times the fleets were destroyed by storms. The Japanese called it kamikaze, or the "wind of the gods".
Japan Is Unified Again
the end of the Mongol thread did not bring peace to Japan. The clans continue to fight among themselves. As violence spread, respect for the Emperor declined. In 1500, 3 ambitious leaders finally ended the constant warfare. The first, Oda Nobunaga, worked to bring Japan "under a single sword." The second leader, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, unified Japan in 1590. The third leader, Tokugawa leyasu, united the country once more in 1600. He founded a new capital at Edo (present-day Tokyo). He ordered the daimyo to destroy their castles and spent much of the year in Edo. The Tokugawa family ruled a peaceful, unified Japan until 1868. Once Japan was at peace, the samurai way of life changed. Many samurai to government jobs, but they remained proud of their fighting skills. Today the ideas of bushido - bravery and loyalty - continue to influence Japanese culture.
Japan became divided in the shoguns. By the 1600s, however, strong rulers had reunited Japan.way.