Medieval Conflicts and Crusades (700-1500)
Standard: 7.6.6
Religious Crusades

Key Terms and People

pilgrim: a religious person who travels to a holy place or shrine

crusade: Christian religious war

heresy: a belief that is rejected by official church doctrine

Inquisition: a Church court designed to investigate and judge heretics

Section Notes

  1. Crusades Against Muslims

      Call for a Crusade

    • 1071, Muslim Turks took over Jerusalem (Christian holy land)
    • 1097, Pope led Christian religious war to free the holy land
    • 1099, first Crusade captured Jerusalem, divided into four states and

      The Crusaders Creed

    • Crusaders saw themselves as pilgrims and believed their sins would be forgiven.

      Later Crusades

    • 1144, 1188, 1212 three other Crusades were launched, they were not successful at the first
    • 1291, Muslims retook the last Crusade state

      Effects of the Crusades

    • open the eyes of Europeans to the rest of the world
    • encourage trade with the East (Asia)
    • sparked European exploration of the world

  2. Religious Persecutions

      Persecution of Jews

    • Crusades turned into brutal attacks against all non-Christians
    • Jews main target
    • Jews expelled from England 1290, France 1306


    • heretics excommunicated
    • 1200s, Pope Gregory IX created the Inquisition
    • heretics were punished in various ways

Summary: Europe sent knights to fight against Muslim rule in the holy land. These wars had significant effects on Europe and Palestine.

Study Guide Questions

CP 425. Who fought in the Crusades?

CP 427. Which groups were targets of persecution?

CYP 427, 1a. What were the Crusaders?

CYP 427, 1b. Why might an evil man or woman want to join a Crusade?

CYP 427, 2a. How did the Crusaders result in the persecution of Jews?

CYP 427, 2b. Why did the church persecute and try to eliminate heretics?

Practice Test

Homework: Read chaper 15 section 3 and choose one of the following;
  1. Workbook Chapter 15, section 3 (Page 188)
  2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
  3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).