Medieval Conflicts and Crusades (700-1500)
Standard: 7.9.7
  • Describe to explain in detail the Golden Age of cooperation between Jews and Muslims in medieval Spain that promoted creativity in art, literature, and science, including how that cooperation was terminated by the religious persecution of individuals and groups (example, the Spanish Inquisition and the expulsion of Jews and Muslims from Spain in 1492).
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date
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Christians and Muslims in Spain

Key Terms and People

Reconquista: a movement to drive the Muslims from Spain (reconquest)

Isabella: Ferdinand and Isabella concentrated on conquering the last Muslim territory in Spain

Ferdinand: Ferdinand and Isabella concentrated on conquering the last Muslim territory in Spain

Section Notes

  1. Spain Under Muslim Rule
    1. Muslims in Spain were known as Moors
    2. 10th century, Moorish Spain became one of the most advanced medieval civilizations in Europe
    3. The Muslim capital of Cordoba was Europe's largest city
    4. Muslims tolerated Christians and Jews until about the 11th century
  2. The Reconquista
    1. the move to drive the Muslims from Spain was called the Reconquista or, "Reconquest"
    2. the city of Cordoba fell in 1236. Its mosque became a Catholic cathedral.
    3. 13th century, all that was left of Moorish Spain was the Kingdom of Granada
    4. 1469, Ferdinand and Isabella concentrated on conquering Granada, they won in 1492
    5. 1492, Jews and Muslims were forced out of Spain, this harmed Spain's economy and culture

Summary: Muslims created an advanced civilization in Spain. Christians later reclaimed Spain and built Christian kingdoms.

Study Guide Questions

CP 432. Why might the 10th century in Spain be known as the Golden age?

CP 433. How was Spain united as a Christian state?

CYP 433, 1a. When and where did the Moors ruled in Spain?

CYP 433, 1b. Compare the civilization of Moorish Spain with that of the rest of medieval Europe.

CYP 433, 2a. What was the Reconquista?

CYP 433, 2b. Why was converting Jews and Muslims important to Ferdinand and Isabella?

Practice Test

Homework: Choose one
  1. Workbook Chapter 15, section 4 (Page 191)
  2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
  3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).