7.6 Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the civilizations of Medieval Europe.
A Changing Medieval World
Key Terms and People
crop rotation: changing the use of fields over time
three-field system: a system where a third of the land was planted in spring crops, summer crops, and the final field was left fallow
guild: a group of people practicing the same craft, usually in the same city, who have joined together for their common good
mendicant: orders whose members lived on donations and worked in the community, not in monasteries
St. Francis of Assisi: As a young man, Francis was wealthy and spoiled. Then, he had a powerful religious experience. He felt called to live as Jesus had lived.
St. Clare of Assisi: Claire and her followers took a vow of poverty and aimed to live the life of devotion to God. Their order became known as the Poor Clares.
cathedral: a major church, headed by a bishop who oversees a religion's churches
University: schools, or groups of schools, that train scholars at the highest levels
Thomas Aquinas: Aquinas wanted to show that there is no conflict between faith and human reason
natural law: laws in nature that are basic to both the natural world and human affairs
famine: a serious shortage of food
Joan of Arc: She led French forces to victory against the English.
epidemic: a widespread outbreak of a disease
bubonic plague: a deadly infection
scapegoat: people who are blamed for a problem that they did not cause