Standard: 7.6.8 ||
An Age of Faith
Key Terms and People
mendicant: orders whose members lived on donations and worked in the community, not in monasteries
St. Francis of Assisi: As a young man, Francis was wealthy and spoiled. Then, he had a powerful religious experience. He felt called to live as Jesus had lived.
St. Clare of Assisi: Claire and her followers took a vow of poverty and aimed to live the life of devotion to God. Their order became known as the Poor Clares.
cathedral: a major church, headed by a bishop who oversees a religion's churches
University: schools, or groups of schools, that train scholars at the highest levels
Thomas Aquinas: Aquinas wanted to show that there is no conflict between faith and human reason
natural law: laws in nature that are basic to both the natural world and human affairs
Mendicant Religious Orders
Summary: Christian Europeans expressed their religious devotion by founding new religious orders and building beautiful churches. Some church schools grew into important centers of learning.
Study Guide Questions
CP 451. How were Gothic cathedrals different from earlier types of cathedrals?
CP 453. How did universities develop?
CYP 453, 1a. What was new about the religious orders that arose after 1000?
CYP 453, 1b. Why were St. Francis and his followers so beloved?
CYP 453, 2a. What newly rediscovered writings excited medieval students?
CYP 453, 2b. How did these writings influence Thomas Aquinas?
|Homework: Choose one