Chapter 17, Section 2
The Renaissance (1300-1650)
Standard: 7.6.8
New Ways of Viewing the World

Key Terms and People

humanism: a cultural movement of the Renaissance based on the study of classical works

secularism: the view that religion need not be the center of human affairs

vernacular: everyday spoken language of the people

Niccolo Machiavelli: he published a secular writing that described the reality of politics

individualism: the belief in the importance of the individaul, as opposed to the larger community

Section Notes

  1. The "New Learning": challenged the old idea that knowledge came from God


    • learning for self-improvement
    • human potential to achieve excellence in all things


    • life as an opportunity for enjoyment and pleasure
    • writings were intended to entertain or inform
    • The Prince describe how leaders get power, keep power, and lose power


    • importance of the individual
    • encouraged artists and writers to seek recognition of their accomplishments

  2. New Directions in Art : art reflected a change in focus from religious devotion to worldly concerns

      Changing Content

    • medieval art: religious / Renaissance art: religion faded
    • individual portraits, self-portraits, landscapes, scenes of daily life

      A New Realism

    • medieval art: stiff and unrealistic, used to beautify churches or tombs
    • Renaissance art: more realistic, focused on the living world, human emotions
    • Greek and Roman ideas: harmony, proportion, mathematical ratio

Summary: Renaissance thinkers focused on classical learning. Artists and writers developed new techniques, subjects, and themes.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 481. How did individualism in the Renaissance differ from medieval ways of thinking?

  • CP 483. How did Renaissance art differ from the medieval art?

  • CYP 483, 1a. What three ideas made up the "new learning" in the Renaissance?

  • CYP 483, 1b. Are these three viewpoints important to our society today? Explain.

  • CYP 483, 2a. What ideas about art and beauty did Renaissance artists adopt from the ancient Greeks and Romans?

  • CYP 483, 2b. Why did Renaissance artists embrace realism in their work?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 17, section 2, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 17, section 2 (Page 213)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).