Chapter 17, Section 4
The Renaissance - The Renaissance Legacy
Standard: 7.8.4
  • Detail a dealing with something item by item advances made in literature, the arts, science, mathematics, cartography, engineering, and the understanding of human anatomy and astronomy (e.g., by Dante Alighieri, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo di Buonarroti, Simoni, Johann Gutenberg, William Shakespeare).
The Renaissance Legacy


Linear Perspective: a mathematical system for representing three-dimensional space on a flat surface

Leonardo da Vinci: Renaissance genius, multitalented artist, writer, musician, scientist, and inventor

Michelangelo: Renaissance genius, a painter, sculptor, architect, and poet

Dante: Renaissance writer: The Divine Comedy

William Shakespeare: Renaissance writer: Romeo and Juliet

Miguel de Cervantes: Renaissance writer: Don Quixote

sonnet: a poem of fourteen lines with a fixed rhyming pattern

Section Notes

  1. Architectual and Artistic Legacy


    • Renaissance work modeled after works of classical Greece and Rome
    • The column, the round arch, dome, harmony, proportion, geometric forms

      Filippo Brunelleschi

    • Early master of Renaissance architecture, designed church of San Lorenzo (p. 468)
    • discvered the rules of linear perspective

      Leonardo da Vinci

    • Best known for painting The Last Supper and Mona Lisa
    • Contributed to scientific knowledge of human anatomy and working of the body


    • Most famous work the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

  2. The Literary Legacy

      Dante Alighieri

    • Writer best known for The Divine Comedy wrote in Italian
    • the long poem describes an imaginary journey through heaven and hell

      Shakespeare and Cervantes

    • Shakespeare: world's greatest playwright, wrote in English, most famous for his portrayl of human character
    • Cervantes: wrote in Spanish, most famous for his novel Don Quixote

Summary: The Renaissance had a great impact on art, architecture, and literature in the modern world.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 493. What ideas did Renaissance architects borrow from classical Greece and Rome?

  • CP 495. Who were Dante, Shakespeare, and Cervantes?

  • CYP 490, 1a. Name two art techniques developed by Renaissance artists?

  • CYP 495, 1b. What is the legacy of artists such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo?

  • CYP 495, 2a. What literary contributions did Dante, Shakespeare, Cervantes make?

  • CYP 495, 2b. Explain why each writer is still considered important today.

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 17, section 4, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 17, section 4 (Page 219)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).