The Reformation (1517-1688) - Study Guide

7.9 Students analyze the historical developments of the Reformation.

The Reformation

Study Guide Questions

    Section 1

  1. CP 507. Why did Martin Luther challenge the Catholic Church?

  2. CP 509. Why was John Calvin one of the most important figures of the Reformation?

  3. CYP 509, 1a. List three abuses of the Catholic Church in the 1500s.

  4. CYP 509, 1b. How did Martin Luther's 95 theses address Church abuses?

  5. CYP 509, 2a. What were the basic teachings of John Calvin?

  6. CYP 509, 2b. How did Calvinism affect life in the city of Geneva?

    Section 2

  7. CP 513. How did the Jesuits help restore popular support for the Catholic Church?

  8. CP 515. What steps did the Church take to end abuses and to restore its moral authority?

  9. CYP 515, 1a. What was the Counter-Reformation?

  10. CYP 515, 1b. Why did the Catholic Church launch the Counter-Reformation?

  11. CYP 515, 2a. What beliefs did the Catholic Church affirm at the Council of Trent?

  12. CYP 515, 2b. How did the Catholic Church respond to Protestant religious ideas?

    Section 3

  13. CP 517. Which areas of Europe became Protestant during the Reformation?

  14. CP 520. Which parts of Europe remained Catholic?

  15. CYP 520, 1a. Which areas of Europe became Protestant?

  16. CYP 520, 1b. How did the Peace of Augsburg affect the balance of Catholics and Protestants in Germany?

  17. CYP 520, 2a. Which parts of Europe remained Catholic?

  18. CYP 520, 2b. How did King Philip II of Spain support the Counter-Reformation?

    Section 4

  19. CP 522. How did the religious wars alter Europe's power structure?

  20. CP 525. What new forms of government grew out of the practices of Protestant churches?

  21. CYP 525, 1a. How to Europe's religious wars strengthen the power of secular rulers?

  22. CYP 525, 1b. How did the Thirty Years' War affect the power of the pope?

  23. CYP 525, 2a. Compare the governments that arose in France and in England?

  24. CYP 525, 2b. How did Calvinist ideas on church organization and religious practices encourage self-government?