Standard: 7.9.1 ||
The Origins of the Reformation
Reformation: a religious movement that began in the 1500s to reform the Catholic Church
Martin Luther: a monk who challenged the Catholic Church
indulgence: pardons for sins
John Calvin: The Institutes of Christian Religion in 1536. In it, he set out the basic ideas of the Protestant faith.
predestination: the idea that God had long ago determined who would gain salvation
theocracy: a government ruled by religious leaders
William Tyndale: printed an English translation of the New Testament of the Bible
Early Life of Luther
Summary: In the 1500s, corruption created turmoil in the Catholic Church. Reformers challenged the church and fostered new Protestant sects across Europe.
Study Guide Questions
CP 507. Why did Martin Luther challenge the Catholic Church?
CP 509. Why was John Calvin one of the most important figures of the Reformation?
CYP 509, 1a. List three abuses of the Catholic Church in the 1500s.
CYP 509, 1b. How did Martin Luther's 95 theses address Church abuses?
CYP 509, 2a. What were the basic teachings of John Calvin?
CYP 509, 2b. How did Calvinism affect life in the city of Geneva?
|Homework: Read chapter 18, section 1, and choose one assignment;