Chapter 18, Section 2
The Counter-Reformation
Standard: 7.9.5
  • Analyze how the Counter Reformation revitalized the Catholic church and the forces that fostered the movement (example, St. Ignatius of Loyola and the Jesuits, the Council of Trent).
The Counter-Reformation


Counter-Reformation: the movement to strengthen the teachings and structure of the Catholic Church

Jesuits: the Society of Jesus, which later became known as the Jesuits, was the most influential of the new religious orders during the Counter-Reformation

Ignatius Loyola: founded a new religious order, the Jesuits

Council of Trent: sought ways to revive the moral authority of the Catholic Church and to stop the spread of Protestantism

Section Notes

  1. The Society of Jesus

      Ingatius Loyola

    • founded the religious order "Society of Jesus" (Jesuits)
    • goal was to defend and spread the Catholic faith

      The Jesuits' Influence

    • helped correct some of the abuses of the Catholic Church
    • priests did a better job, missionaries spread the Catholic faith, contributions to education

  2. The Council of Trent

      Tradition Prevails

    • 1545, Pope Paul III called a series of meetings known as the Council of Trent
    • the Council reaffirmed traditional Catholic doctrines
    • the Council made sweeping reforms of Catholic practices

      The Inquisition

    • a court set up to try people suspected of heresy
    • the church banned Protestant books

Summary: The Catholic Church launched the Counter-Reformation to meet the Protestant challenge. The Council of Trent acted to end Church abuses.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 513. How did the Jesuits help restore popular support for the Catholic Church?

  • CP 515. What steps did the Church take to end abuses and to restore its moral authority?the Reformation?

  • CYP 515, 1a. What was the Counter-Reformation?

  • CYP 515, 1b. Why did the Catholic Church launch the Counter-Reformation?

  • CYP 515, 2a. What beliefs did the Catholic Church affirm at the Council of Trent?

  • CYP 515, 2b. How did the Catholic Church respond to Protestant religious ideas?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 18, section 2, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 18, section 2 (Page 227)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).