Chapter 18, Section 3
The Division of Christendom
Standard: 7.9.4
  • Identify and locate the European regions that remained Catholic and those that became Protestant and explain how the division affected the distribution of religions in the New World.
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The Division of Christendom

Vocabulary

Henry VIII: Urged Parlimant to form the Church of England which is independednt of the Catholic church

annulment: an official action ending a marriage

Act of Supremacy: this act made be king to leader of the Church of England

Henry IV: To end resistance to his assuming the throne, in 1593 Henry became a Catholic.

edict: an official public order made by a king or another authority

Philip II: the Catholic ruler of Spain, championed the Counter-Reformation

armada: fleet of ships

Section Notes

  1. Protestant Northern Europe

      English Reformation

    • the Protestant Reformation began in Germany and Switzerland
    • In England, Protestant reformers were burned at the stake or forced out of England
    • in 1529, Henry VIII came into conflict with the pope
    • Henry urged the parliament to form the Church of England

      Religious Warfare in Germany

    • in southern Germany, the holy Roman empire was Catholic
    • in 1547, Imperial troops defeated a group of Protestant leaders in Germany
    • after the following war, northern Germany was mostly Protestant, southern Germany was Catholic

  2. Catholic Southern Europe

      Religious Conflict in France

    • Catholics and Protestants could worship freely in France
    • Protestants upset the king in a civil war broke out
    • Henry IV converted from Protestant or Catholic to end the civil wars

      The Inquisition in Spain

    • Philip II, a Catholic ruler of Spain, supported the Counter-Reformation
    • he financed troops to fight in Europe against Protestants
    • he set up the Inquisition in the Netherlands, lost war
    • he sent an armada to attack England, his ships were sunk as

      The 30 Years' War

    • Catholics versus Protestants, the Treaty of Westphalia ended the war and allowed people to privately practice their own religion

Summary: Europe divided into a Protestant north and Catholic south. Religious wars raged for nearly 100 years.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 517. Which areas of Europe became Protestant during the Reformation?

  • CP 520. Which parts of Europe remained Catholic?

  • CYP 520, 1a. Which areas of Europe became Protestant?

  • CYP 520, 1b. How did the Peace of Augsburg affect the balance of Catholics and Protestants in Germany?

  • CYP 520, 2a. Which parts of Europe remained Catholic?

  • CYP 520, 2b. How did King Philip II of Spain support the Counter-Reformation?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 18, section 3, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 18, section 3 (Page 230)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).