Chapter 18, Section 3
The Division of Christendom
Standard: 7.9.4
  • Identify and locate the European regions that remained Catholic and those that became Protestant and explain how the division affected the distribution of religions in the New World.
The Division of Christendom


Henry VIII: Urged Parlimant to form the Church of England which is independednt of the Catholic church

annulment: an official action ending a marriage

Act of Supremacy: this act made be king to leader of the Church of England

Henry IV: To end resistance to his assuming the throne, in 1593 Henry became a Catholic.

edict: an official public order made by a king or another authority

Philip II: the Catholic ruler of Spain, championed the Counter-Reformation

armada: fleet of ships

Section Notes

  1. Protestant Northern Europe

      English Reformation

    • the Protestant Reformation began in Germany and Switzerland
    • In England, Protestant reformers were burned at the stake or forced out of England
    • in 1529, Henry VIII came into conflict with the pope
    • Henry urged the parliament to form the Church of England

      Religious Warfare in Germany

    • in southern Germany, the holy Roman empire was Catholic
    • in 1547, Imperial troops defeated a group of Protestant leaders in Germany
    • after the following war, northern Germany was mostly Protestant, southern Germany was Catholic

  2. Catholic Southern Europe

      Religious Conflict in France

    • Catholics and Protestants could worship freely in France
    • Protestants upset the king in a civil war broke out
    • Henry IV converted from Protestant or Catholic to end the civil wars

      The Inquisition in Spain

    • Philip II, a Catholic ruler of Spain, supported the Counter-Reformation
    • he financed troops to fight in Europe against Protestants
    • he set up the Inquisition in the Netherlands, lost war
    • he sent an armada to attack England, his ships were sunk as

      The 30 Years' War

    • Catholics versus Protestants, the Treaty of Westphalia ended the war and allowed people to privately practice their own religion

Summary: Europe divided into a Protestant north and Catholic south. Religious wars raged for nearly 100 years.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 517. Which areas of Europe became Protestant during the Reformation?

  • CP 520. Which parts of Europe remained Catholic?

  • CYP 520, 1a. Which areas of Europe became Protestant?

  • CYP 520, 1b. How did the Peace of Augsburg affect the balance of Catholics and Protestants in Germany?

  • CYP 520, 2a. Which parts of Europe remained Catholic?

  • CYP 520, 2b. How did King Philip II of Spain support the Counter-Reformation?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 18, section 3, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 18, section 3 (Page 230)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).