Chapter 19, Study Guide, The Age of Exploration (1400-1700)

7.11 Students analyze political and economic change in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries (the Age of Exploration, the Enlightenment, and the Age of Reason).

The Age of Exploration

Study Guide Questions

    Section 1

  1. CP 535. How did ship building change during the Renaissance?

  2. CP 539. What lands did the early voyages of discovery reveal to Europeans?

  3. CYP 539, 1a. How did cartography change during the Renaissance?

  4. CYP 539, 1b. How would these changes in cartography help explores?

  5. CYP 539, 2a. What did Bartholomew Dias accomplish?

  6. CYP 539, 2b. How did Vasco da Gama's voyage build on the voyage of Dias?

  7. CYP 539, 2c. How would Da Gama's voyage affect trade between Western Europe and Asia?

    Section 2

  8. CP 544. How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs and Incas?

  9. CP 546. What happened to Aztec and Inca artwork made of gold?

  10. CYP 546, 1a. How did the numbers of Spanish conquistadors compare with the armies of Aztecs and Incas?

  11. CYP 546, 1b. How did the Spanish conquer those empires despite the difference in numbers?

  12. CYP 546, 2a. How was Spain enriched by its colonies?

  13. CYP 546, 2b. How were the riches carried to Spain?

  14. CYP 546, 2c. How did Spanish rule affect native peoples?

    Section 3

  15. CP 548. What kinds of settlements did Europeans establish?

  16. CP 551. What were some effects of the Columbian Exchange?

  17. CYP 551, 1a. What was the function of a mission?

  18. CYP 551, 1b. How did missions differ from colonies and trading posts?

  19. CYP 551, 2a. What kinds of things were part of the Columbian Exchange?

  20. CYP 551, 2b. How did crops from the Americas affect the Eastern Hemisphere?

  21. CYP 551, 2c. How might the rise in population in Europe have lead more people to move to the Americas?

    Section 4

  22. CP 555. What is capitalism?

  23. CP 557. How did the mercantilist theory affect trading patterns?

  24. CYP 557, 1a. How are prices set in a free market?

  25. CYP 557, 1b. Why are free markets important for capitalism?

  26. CYP 557, 1c. How did capitalism and free markets affect agriculture in Europe after 1500?

  27. CYP 557, 2a. What would make nations stronger, according to mercantilism?

  28. CYP 557, 2b. How might this theory increase wars among nations?