Chapter 19, Section 1
The Voyages of Discovery
Standard: 7.11.1
  • Know the great voyages of discovery, the locations of the routes, and the influence of cartography in the development of a new European worldview.
The Voyages of Discovery


modify: to change partially

predict: to say that something will happen before it happens

cartography: the science of making maps and globes

Vasco da Gama: he charted a round-trip from Europe to Asia

Christopher Columbus: In 1492, he sailed from Spain to the Bahamas.

Amerigo Vespucci: an Italian navigator who concluded that the land Columbus called "the Indies" were in fact, part of a "New World"-"America"

Fernando Magellan: his crew sailed completely around the world

circumnavigate: sail completely around the world

  1. Advances in Sailing Technology

      The Birth of Cartography

    • during the Renaissance, mapmakers developed cartography

      Advances in Navigation

    • compass (direction), astrolabe (north-south position)

      The Ship Building Revolution

    • from ships with rowers, two ships with sails
    • designed the galleon, three masts and sails

  2. Voyages into the Unknown

      The Portuguese Sail East

    • the Portuguese sailed south, then east around Africa
    • 1497, Vasco da Gama, made a round-trip voyage from Europe to Asia

      Columbus Sails West

    • 1492, sailed west from Italy, discovered the Bahamas
    • Columbus believed they had reached land just off the coast of China

      Vespucci Names a "New World"

    • 1492, Columbus said, "the Indies". 1501, Amerigo Vespucci said, "New World"
    • "America" is the Latin version of Amerigo Vespucci's first name

      Magellan's Crew Circles the World

    • 1519-1522, sailed south then west around South America to the Philippines
    • 1522, 18 out of 250 crew members made it back to Spain from around the world

      A New View of the World

    • North and South America were discovered
    • 1569, the spherical earth was shown on a flat grid (Mercator projections)

Summary: Advances in sailing technology allowed Europeans to sail longer distances. Europeans went on to explore Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 535. How did ship building change during the Renaissance?

  • CP 539. What lands did the early voyages of discovery revealed to Europeans?

  • CYP 539, 1a. How did cartography change during the Renaissance?

  • CYP 539, 1b. How would these changes in cartography help explores?

  • CYP 539, 2a. What did Bartholomew Dias accomplish?

  • CYP 539, 2b. How did Vasco da Gama's voyage build on the voyage of Dias?

  • CYP 539, 2c. How would Da Gama's voyage affect trade between Western Europe and Asia?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 19, section 1, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 19, section 1 (Page 238)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).