Chapter 19, Section 2
The Conquest of the Americas
Standard: 7.7.3
  • Explain how and where each empire arose and how the Aztec and Incan empires were defeated by the Spanish.
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The Conquest of the Americas

Vocabulary

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  1. The Spanish Conquer Two Empires

      CortÚs Defeats Moctezuma

    • CortÚs formed alliances with the Aztecs' enemies
    • CortÚs began a siege of the city, a smallpox epidemic killed many Aztecs
    • the survivors surrendered in August 1521

      Atahualpa Falls into Pizarro's Trap

    • Francisco Pizarro, in search of gold, goes to the Inca empire
    • Atahualpa, the new Incan leader, after a smallpox epidemic
    • Atahualpa went to a peaceful meeting and was taken prisoner and killed

  2. The Impact of Conquest

      The Treasure of the Empire

    • The wealth of the Aztecs and Incas filled Spain's treasury.
    • by 1660, 200 tons (400,000 lbs.) of gold and 18 tons of silver
    • pirates attacked Spanish ships, other Europeans sent their own explorers

      The Loss of People and Cultures

    • beautiful art made of gold was melted down
    • cities and temples were wrecked
    • their books of history were burned
    • millions of Aztecs and Incas died from smallpox

Summary: Spain conquered the Aztec and Inca empires. These conquest brought great wealth to Spain but great loss to the Native Americans and their cultures.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 544. How did the Spanish defeat the Aztecs and Incas?

  • CP 546. What happened to Aztec and Inca artwork made of gold?

  • CYP 546, 1a. How did the numbers of Spanish conquistadors compare with the armies of Aztecs and Incas?

  • CYP 546, 1b. How did the Spanish conquer those empires despite the difference in numbers?

  • CYP 546, 2a. How was Spain enriched by its colonies?

  • CYP 546, 2b. How were the riches carried to Spain?

  • CYP 546, 2c. How did Spanish rule affect native peoples?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 19, section 2, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 19, section 2 (Page 241)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).