Chapter 19, Section 3
The Planting of Colonies
Standard: 7.9.6
  • Understand the institution and impact of missionaries on Christianity and the diffusion of Christianity from Europe to other parts of the world in a medieval and early modern periods; locate missions on a world map.
Standard: 7.11.2
  • Discuss the exchanges of plants, animals, technology, culture, and ideas among Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries and the major economic and social effects on each continent.
The Planting of Colonies



  1. Global Empire

      Trading Posts

    • Portuguese, Dutch, French, and English trading companies set up trading posts from Europe to Asia


    • European nations also set up colonies
    • Spain colonized the Americas
    • Portugal colonized Brazil
    • Dutch traders colonized South America
    • France and England colonized North America


    • Europeans set up missions in areas where Native Americans lived
    • In Asia and the Philippine Islands, Jesuits won Catholic converts in China and Japan

  2. The Columbian Exchange

      Plants Take Root

    • plants from America increased the world's food supply (corn)
    • plants from Europe changed the Americas (sugar cane/slaves)

      People Cross the Oceans

    • immigrants from around the world came to the Americas
    • Africans taken to the Americas as slaves

      Animals Find New Habitats

    • Columbus introduced horses, cows, pigs, chickens
    • horses became a central part of the Native American cultures

      Other Exchanges

    • disease (smallpox)
    • ideas and beliefs

Summary: Europeans set up trading post, colonies and missions around the world. European exploration and colonization resulted in a worldwide exchange plants, animals, peoples, diseases, and ideas.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 548. What kinds of settlements did Europeans establish?

  • CP 551. What were some effects of the Columbian Exchange?

  • CYP 551, 1a. What was the function of a mission?

  • CYP 551, 1b. How did missions differ from colonies and trading posts?

  • CYP 551, 2a. What kinds of things were part of the Columbian Exchange?

  • CYP 551, 2b. How did crops from the Americas affect the Eastern Hemisphere?

  • CYP 551, 2c. How might the rise in population in Europe have lead more people to move to the Americas?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 19, section 3, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 19, section 3 (Page 244)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).