Standard: 7.10.2 ||
The Rise of Modern Science
reject: to refuse to believe in or agree with something
theory: idea that is intended to explain something about life or the world
Nicholas Copernicus: the first scientist to challenge the medieval view of the universe
Johannes Kepler: Kepler used mathematics to prove that Copernicus was right. Earth did revolve around the sun.
Galileo Galilei: Galileo was one of the first scientist to use experiments to discover laws of nature. He was the first person to see that the moon is not smooth, uniform, and precisely spherical.
Isaac Newton: Isaac Newton believed planet's orbit the sun because they are pulled toward the sun (gravity).
Francis Bacon: Bacon championed the use of inductive reasoning in scientific investigation .
René Descartes: Descartes thought it was necessary to doubt everything except ideas that were true beyond doubt.
inductive reasoning: the process of reasoning from specific facts to general principles
scientific method: a method for gaining new knowledge using observation, experiments, and careful reasoning
hypothesis: possible answer
Study Guide Questions
CP 573. How did the earth-centered model of the universe change?
CP 575. What is the scientific method?
CYP 575, 1a. What was Copernicus's new view of the universe?
CYP 575, 1b. How did Newton bring together the work of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo?
CYP 575, 2a. Which two great thinkers helped develop the scientific method?
CYP 575, 2b. How did the scientific method differ from previous attempts to develop knowledge?
|Homework: Read chapter 20, section 2, and choose one assignment;