Chapter 20, Section 4
The Influence of the Enlightenment Ideas
Standard: 7.11.5
  • Describe how Democratic thought and institutions were influenced by enlightenment thinkers (e.g. John Locke, Charles Lewis Montesquieu, American founders).
Standard: 7.11.6
  • Discuss how the principles in the Magna Carta were embodied in such documents as the English Bill of Rights and the American Declaration of Independence.
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The Influence of Enlightenment Ideas

Vocabulary

principle: belief or idea on which a system of doing something is based

legislature: lawmaking body

veto: reject

repeal: officially abolished

Benjamin Franklin: He helped establish the postal system, libraries and hospitals, and volunteer fire departments. He was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, and negotiated treaties with other nations.

  1. Roots of American Democracy

      The Magna Carta

    • protected English peoples rights from power-hungry rulers
    • no tax without approval, trial by jury, King must respect the law

      The English Parliament

    • the Parliament advised the King
    • Glorious Revolution of 1688-English Bill of Rights

      The English Bill of Rights

    • the parliament alone had the power to make laws and taxes
    • gave people the right to elect members of Parliament
    • placed limits on the power of the English monarch

      Colonial Government

    • based on the English government & Enlightenment ideas
    • government based on the will of the people
    • executive and judicial branch balanced the power of the legislature
    • legislatures found ways to deal with difficult governors

  2. The American Revolution

      Taxation Without Representation

    • Parliament taxed the colonies (Stamp Act)
    • colonies did not elect members of Parliament
    • 1775 fighting between Britain and colonies

      The Declaration of Independence

    • Colonies declared their independence from Great Britain - page 584.
    • colonies believed government received their power from the people
    • colonies believed people had the right to rebel against an unfair government

Summary: American colonial governments were influenced by English law and Enlightenment ideas. Inspired by these principles, colonial leaders signed the declaration of independence and separated from Great Britain.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 582. In what ways did the English Bill of Rights influence government in the colonies?

  • CP 585. What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?

  • CYP 585, 1a. What two main influences provided the basis for government in England's American colonies?

  • CYP 585, 1b. How did the governments set up in the American colonies reflect Montesquieu's ideas?

  • CYP 585, 2a. Why did American colonists want to separate from Great Britain?

  • CYP 585, 2b. How do the ideas in the declaration of independence reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 20, section 4, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 20, section 4 (Page 261)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).