Chapter 20, Section 5
Linking the Past and the Present
Standard: 7.10
  • Students analyze the historical developments of the Scientific Revolution and its lasting effects on religious, political, and cultural institutions.
Standard: 7.11.5
  • Describe how Democratic thought and institutions were influenced by enlightenment thinkers (e.g. John Locke, Charles Lewis Montesquieu, American founders).
Linking the Past and Present


expand: to become larger in size, number, or amount

human rights: rights that every person should have

standard of living: the level of wealth and comfort that a person or group has

diversity: having a great variety of ethnic groups and cultures

  1. Enduring Ideas, Beliefs, and Values

      Human Rights

    • the rights that every person should have
    • life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
    • (privacy, a decent standard of living,)


    • choose their own government, religion, freedom of speech
    • many people still do not have these freedoms


    • all man are created equal [women, African Americans, Native Americans, ALL]
    • most barriers to equality have been torn down in this country


    • accepting differences
    • tolerance remains a strong American value


    • people can think for themselves and make decisions without a monarch
    • progress in science and technology

  2. Enduring Institutions


    • Judaism, Hinduism, and Buddhism are more than 2500 years old
    • Christianity and Islam are newer religions
    • try to answer questions about life and death, guides to good conduct, help bear life's sorrows


    • very few societies trusted the people to govern themselves
    • the United States is the world's oldest nation based on the will of the people

Summary: Many ideas and values from the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment continued to influence the world today. Enduring religious institutions and political systems shape our lives.

Study Guide Questions

  • CP 590. List three basic ideas or values from the Enlightenment that are still part of our lives today?

  • CP 591. Identify two types of ancient institutions that are still important today?

  • CYP 591, 1a. Which historical movements laid the foundation for many of the rights and freedoms we enjoy today?

  • CYP 591, 1b. Has democracy improved over time? Explain.

  • CYP 591, 2a. How do religious and political institutions shape our lives?

  • CYP 591, 2b. How is American democracy unique?

    Practice Test

  • Homework: Read chapter 20, section 5, and choose one assignment;
    1. Workbook Chapter 20, section 5 (Page 264)
    2. Answer three of the study guide questions using complete sentences.
    3. Draw a picture of something important from this section and summarize this section of the text (three sentences minimum).